The Government has continuously implemented the National ICT infrastructure to improve connectivity and availability of broadband in all the 47 counties in the country. This has been achieved through the implementation of the following three initiatives.
Implementation of the National Optic Fibre Backbone Infrastructure (NOFBI) phase II has impacted positively on the living standards of Kenyan citizens. The NOFBI project has reduced the business operating cost and increased the speed of internet access. This has seen Kenyans cut operational costs and also enjoy the benefits of digital world. In the last two years, the Ministry has constructed 900 Kilometers (KM) of fibre optic infrastructure and a further 1000 KM is expected to be completed by in December, 2015. This will expand the coverage from 23 counties covered under NOFBI phase I in 2009 to all the 47 counties andincrease the length of terrestrial fibre optic from the current 4300KM to 5900 KM by the end of this calendar year.This will enhances e- commerce and set the foundations for a knowledge based economy.
The Ministry rolled out ‘the County Connectivity Project” to provide all County Government Headquarters, County Commissioner’s offices and three other Government buildings with Broadband Connectivity and Unified Communication Systems across various organs and levels of governments in line with the devolved system of governance. To this end 28 County Government and Commissioner’s offices have been connected to Broadband Infrastructure and Video Conferencing facilities. These counties are Mombasa, Kilifi, Tana River, Garissa, Wajir, Mandera, Marsabit, Isiolo, Meru, Embu, Kitui, Nyandarua, Nyeri, Muranga, Turkana, West-Pokot, Transzoia, Uasin-gishu, ElgeyoMarakwet, Baringo, Laikipia, Nakuru, Narok, Kajiado, Kericho, Kakamega, Busia, Kisumu, Kisii and Nairobi.The Ministry has further completed Site survey for remaining 19 Counties and will be connected by June, 2015. These nineteen counties are: Kwale, Lamu, Taita Taveta, Tharaka-nithi, Machakos, Makueni, Kirinyaga, Kiambu, Samburu, Nandi, Bomet, Vihiga, Bungoma, Siaya, Homa-Bay, Migori and Nyamira.
The Government has successfully migrated most of the areas previously covered with analogue TV to digital TV broadcasting by end of March 2015.This has enhanced the quality and experience of TV viewers in Kenya since viewers receive better quality picture and sound, have access to interactive TV in addition to availability of more channels to choose from.Furthermore, digital migration will enable the government to utilize spectrum optimally and in a better way. Plans are underway to cover the remaining regions by the set deadline of 17th June 2015.
Further, the Government has embarked on extending the coverage of digital TV broadcasting to other parts of the country which previously did not have TV broadcasting. In this regard, 10 counties have been identified where digital transmission sites are being established to close the gap before the deadline and thus achieving 100% digital broadcast penetration in the country.